Big Data Fabric Implementations and Its Benefits

Big Data Fabric Implementations and Its Benefits

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What is a Data Fabric?

Data fabric is a dynamic approach to managing data. It's a sophisticated architecture that harmonizes data management standards and procedures across cloud, on-premises, and edge devices. A single environment with a combination of architecture and technologies makes handling dynamic, distributed, and heterogeneous data more accessible. Data visibility and insights, data access and management, data observability, data protection, and data security are just a few of the many benefits of a data fabric.

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A data fabric boosts end-to-end performance, reduces costs, and makes infrastructure deployment and management more effortless.


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How does Data Fabric work?

Consider two scenarios

  1. When the pilot is active and focused, drive the plane with full attention to the route. At that time, the airplane’s autopilot mode does no or minimal intervention.
  2. When the pilot is lazy and dizzy, he loses his focus. At that time, the airplane automatically switches to autopilot mode and does the necessary corrections.

This is how data fabric works. It initially acts as a passive observer of the data pipelines and suggests more productive solutions. In this way, it automates and helps leaders to work on innovations.

Now, let’s understand its architecture with the help of a diagram.

  1. Data Sources: From where the data is collected.
  2. Data catalog: It extracts the meta-data and stores the passive data into the knowledge graph.
  3. Knowledge Graph: Here, through analytics, the passive meta-data is converted to active meta-data.
  4. AI/ML algorithm applied on the active meta-data, which simplify and automate data integration design.
  5. Dynamic data integration delivers the data into multiple delivery styles.
  6. Automation is applied to the data in data orchestration tools and sent to the consumers.

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What are the benefits of Data Fabric?

An actual data fabric meets five essential design principles:

  1. Maintaining Control: Maintain secure data control and governance regardless of where it is stored: on-premises, near the cloud, or in the cloud.
  2. Option: With the freedom to adapt, choose your cloud, application ecosystem, delivery methods, storage systems, and deployment strategies.
  3. Integration: Allow components at each layer of the architectural stack to work together as a single unit while still extracting the full value of each component.
  4. Access: Get data to where it's needed, when needed, and in a format that applications can understand.
  5. Reliability: Regardless of where data resides, manage it using standard tools and processes across many contexts.

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How to implement Data Fabric?

The fundamentals of online transaction processing (OLTP) are the foundation of the data fabric.
Detailed information about each transaction is inserted, updated, and transferred to a database via online transactional processing.

The information is organized, cleansed, and stored in silos in a central location for later use.
At any point in the fabric, any data user has access to the raw data and generates different discoveries, allowing enterprises to develop, adapt, and improve by leveraging their data.

The following are requirements for a successful data fabric implementation:

  1. Application and services: This is where the data acquisition infrastructure is constructed.
    This encompasses the creation of apps and graphical user interfaces.
  2. Development and Integration of Ecosystems: Establishing the essential ecosystem for data collection, management, and storage. Customer data must be sent to the data manager and storage systems securely to avoid data loss.
  3. Security: All data gathered from various sources must be maintained with care.
  4. Storage Management: Data is kept in a way that is accessible and efficient, with the ability to scale as needed.
  5. Transport: Building the necessary infrastructure for data access from wherever in the organization's geographic regions.
  6. Endpoints: Creating software-defined infrastructure at storage and access points to enable real-time analytics.

Read more more about Observability vs Monitoring


What are the principles of Data Fabric?

So far, Data Fabric appears to be a fantastic solution, but every solution has its drawbacks and stumbling blocks. The following are the essential principles and challenges to remember:

  1. Regardless of overall increases in data volume, the Data Fabric must scale in and out. Because the ecosystem is entirely responsible for the performance, data access may solely focus on business objectives.
  2. By design, Data Fabric must accommodate all access methods, data sources, and data kinds. It has multi-tenancy, which means that various users can move throughout the fabric without affecting others, and strong workloads can't consume all the resources.
  3. The Data Fabric must cover various geographical on-premise locations, cloud providers, SaaS apps, and edge locations with centralized management. The fabric's transactional integrity is necessary, so a well-thought-out master data replication plan is required to regulate all processes successfully. Later on, it's utilized to ensure that multi-location queries get consistent results.
  4. The logical access layer adds a layer of protection that can be controlled from a single location. Data Fabric can allow users' credentials to be passed across to the source systems, allowing access rights to be correctly reviewed.

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Why Data Fabric is Important?

Companies are overwhelmed by the volume of available data sources or the difficulty of integrating them. We need a significant shift in the data exploration paradigm to identify a solution that addresses the causes rather than just the symptoms. Instead of pursuing the never-ending quest of achieving SLAs in increasingly complex ETL/ELTs, perhaps the Data Fabric platform could be responsible for speed, agility, and data unification.

By design, the entire ecosystem should incorporate new sources and collaborate with others. This would help with most analytics solutions' performance, scalability, and scalability issues. Because each option is best suited for different conditions, judgments should be made after thorough thought and with the necessary understanding. Permanent data migration is not taken into account by data fabric. It leaves the data in the sources alone. As a result, we will be able to avoid more issues such as:

  1. Multiple flow dependencies; waiting for certain data to be processed before proceeding, resulting in additional latency.
  2. Lack of atomicity; when entangled flows occurred due to an intermediate step failure, cleaning up and re-running only the failed flows was a difficult task.
  3. Due to the design of the ETL/ELT process, there is a delay in the delivery of new data sources to the reports.

Conclusion

Every day, we see organizations evolve at a quicker and faster rate, with the rate of innovation increasing all the time. This influences the rotation of new software and applications and data management and analytics solutions because top-level organizations must be data-driven.
Data management and analytics approaches that have been in use for years may find it challenging to keep up. We'll probably have to rethink how we approach this problem. The design and fundamental principles of Data Fabric solve the bulk of the existing and most critical issues that arise when creating and using DLs and DWHs. We can take advantage of the cloud platform's capabilities by using it. We can now design a solution with unlimited scalability and power by exploiting the cloud platform's capabilities. This brings the Data Fabric concept to life and positions it as the most promising method for data management in the future.

  1. Explore more about Big Data Governance Tools, Benefits and Best Practices
  2. Click to explore about What is a Data Pipeline?

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